Kansas Inservice Training System
Virtual Kit: Kansas ESI Regulations Apply to Preschoolers!
In February 2013 the Kansas State Board of Education approved new regulations for the use of emergency safety interventions (ESI). The regulations officially went into effect on April 20, 2013 and apply to any learning environment, including any nonprofit institutional day or residential schools and any accredited nonpublic school that receives public funding or over which the Kansas State Department of Education (KSDE) has regulatory authority. The regulations define interventions, commonly referred to as seclusion and restraint that should only be used in emergency situations. The regulations can be viewed or downloaded from the link provided below.
Previously, the State Board had issued guidelines on when ESI might be used and the proper use of such measures. The move to regulations requires schools to follow the procedures as outlined by the Board. In addition, Kansas ESI regulations require districts to develop written policies and disseminate that information, collect and report data on use of ESI with any student (in general or special education) including preschoolers, and notify parents in writing of any use of ESI. Districts are also required to provide training to staff on 1) emergency safety interventions; and 2) positive behavioral interventions strategies. Training must address prevention techniques, de-escalation techniques and positive behavioral intervention strategies and supports (PBIS). The focus is on preventing the need for the use of ESI.
Some components of the new legislation are to be implemented immediately, while others must be fully implemented no later than the 2013-2014 school year. KSDEs current expectations for implementation are outlined below.
- Immediate Implementation
- Prohibition of certain types of restraint (listed in regulations)
- Written parental notification of the use of ESI with a student
- Procedure for documentation and data collection of all instances of ESI
- Report of all incidents of ESI to KSDE through Kan-Dis
- Good Faith Effort with Full Implementation by Beginning of 2013-2014 School Year
- Development of district policies
- School personnel training
- Provision of an annual notice of the district's ESI policies to parents
- Procedure for review of all instances of ESI at school and district level
- Local dispute resolution process
Show me now! (I need this tomorrow)
- Kansas Emergency Safety Interventions Regulations (K.A.R. 91-42-1 and 91-41-2) Effective April 19, 2013
- Kansas State Department of Education Emergency Safety Interventions Regulations Guidance Document Released December 9, 2013
- Kansas Discipline Incident System (KAN-DIS)
What does this look like in practice? (I have a little more time to read about this)
- Dunlap, G., Ostryn, C., and Fox, L. (2011). Preventing the Use of Restraint and Seclusion with Young Children: The Role of Effective, Positive Practices. Issue Brief. Technical Assistance Center on Social Emotional Intervention. Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.
- Gilliam, W. (2008). Implementing policies to reduce the likelihood of preschool expulsion. FCD Policy Brief No. 7. New York, NY: Foundation for Child Development.
- Kansas Families Together, Inc. (2012) A Family Guide to the Use of Emergency Safety Interventions Seclusion and Restraint in Kansas. Topeka, KS.
- Kansas State Department of Education (2012). Emergency Safety Interventions Bookmark. Topeka, KS.
- U.S. Department of Education (2012). Restraint and Seclusion: Resource Document. Washington, DC.
What does the ECRC have on this topic?
Below are selected resources available from the KITS Early Childhood Resource Center. To borrow these or additional resources related to supporting social emotional development and preventing challenging behavior in young children go to the KITS Early Child Resource Center and click on ECRC catalogue, or call (620) 421-6550 ext.1638 for personal assistance.
How can I find training on this topic?
- TASN (2014-2015). Safety First Training: A Set of Guidelines and Procedures for Maintaining a Safe Environment for Early Childhood Settings
- KSDE (2013, October). Emergency Safety Interventions: What Early Childhood Practitioners Need to Know. Topeka, KS [PDF]
- KSDE Emergency Safety Interventions Webinar 6-13-2013
- Visit the following online calendars to find out if there might be additional upcoming training related to this topic:
What if I still need help?
- Contact KSDE Technical Assistance System Network (TASN ) to submit a request
- E-mail Kansas Inservice Training System (KITS) or by calling 1-800-362-0390 ext. 1618.
If you thought this kit was helpful, you might also like…
- Prevent-Teach-Reinforce for Young Children – Part I: Essential Prevention Practices for Reducing Challenging Behaviors in Early Care and Education Settings (NOTE: Opens a new Adobe Connect window. Download handouts before you start the webinar. Recording begins on slide 2 of PowerPoint handout. To view "Trust Fall Fail" video on Slide 31 go to http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wPOgvzVOQig
- A Child Who Can't Behave in Preschool Should Be. . . Taught!
- Creating Environments to Support Positive Behavior
- Functional Behavior Assessment
- Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports in Early Childhood Settings
Please take a few minutes to complete a brief survey to let us know what you think about this virtual kit, and what other topics you would like to see addressed in the future.